您当前的位置:首页 >> 市民讲外语
携手推进“一带一路”建设——习近平在“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛开幕式上的演讲(二)
发布日期:2017-06-07  访问量:

女士们、先生们、朋友们!

  从历史维度看,人类社会正处在一个大发展大变革大调整时代。世界多极化、经济全球化、社会信息化、文化多样化深入发展,和平发展的大势日益强劲,变革创新的步伐持续向前。各国之间的联系从来没有像今天这样紧密,世界人民对美好生活的向往从来没有像今天这样强烈,人类战胜困难的手段从来没有像今天这样丰富。

  从现实维度看,我们正处在一个挑战频发的世界。世界经济增长需要新动力,发展需要更加普惠平衡,贫富差距鸿沟有待弥合。地区热点持续动荡,恐怖主义蔓延肆虐。和平赤字、发展赤字、治理赤字,是摆在全人类面前的严峻挑战。这是我一直思考的问题。

2013年秋天,我在哈萨克斯坦和印度尼西亚提出共建丝绸之路经济带和21世纪海上丝绸之路,即“一带一路”倡议。“桃李不言,下自成蹊。”4年来,全球100多个国家和国际组织积极支持和参与“一带一路”建设,联合国大会、联合国安理会等重要决议也纳入“一带一路”建设内容。“一带一路”建设逐渐从理念转化为行动,从愿景转变为现实,建设成果丰硕。

Ladies and Gentlemen,
Dear Friends,

From the historical perspective, humankind has reached an age of great progress, great transformation and profound changes. In this increasingly multi-polar, economically globalized, digitized and culturally diversified world, the trend toward peace and development becomes stronger, and reform and innovation are gaining momentum. Never have we seen such close interdependence among countries as today, such fervent desire of people for a better life, and never have we had so many means to prevail over difficulties.

In terms of reality, we find ourselves in a world fraught with challenges. Global growth requires new drivers, development needs to be more inclusive and balanced, and the gap between the rich and the poor needs to be narrowed. Hotspots in some regions are causing instability and terrorism is rampant. Deficit in peace, development and governance poses a daunting challenge to mankind. This is the issue that has always been on my mind.

In the autumn of 2013, respectively in Kazakhstan and Indonesia, I proposed the building of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, which I call the Belt and Road Initiative. As a Chinese saying goes, "Peaches and plums do not speak, but they are so attractive that a path is formed below the trees." Four years on, over 100 countries and international organizations have supported and got involved in this initiative. Important resolutions passed by the UN General Assembly and Security Council contain reference to it. Thanks to our efforts, the vision of the Belt and Road Initiative is becoming a reality and bearing rich fruit.

——这是政策沟通不断深化的4年。我多次说过,“一带一路”建设不是另起炉灶、推倒重来,而是实现战略对接、优势互补。我们同有关国家协调政策,包括俄罗斯提出的欧亚经济联盟、东盟提出的互联互通总体规划、哈萨克斯坦提出的“光明之路”、土耳其提出的“中间走廊”、蒙古提出的“发展之路”、越南提出的“两廊一圈”、英国提出的“英格兰北方经济中心”、波兰提出的“琥珀之路”等。中国同老挝、柬埔寨、缅甸、匈牙利等国的规划对接工作也全面展开。中国同40多个国家和国际组织签署了合作协议,同30多个国家开展机制化产能合作。本次论坛期间,我们还将签署一批对接合作协议和行动计划,同60多个国家和国际组织共同发出推进“一带一路”贸易畅通合作倡议。各方通过政策对接,实现了“一加一大于二”的效果。

-- These four years have seen deepened policy connectivity. I have said on many occasions that the pursuit of the Belt and Road Initiative is not meant to reinvent the wheel. Rather, it aims to complement the development strategies of countries involved by leveraging their comparative strengths. We have enhanced coordination with the policy initiatives of relevant countries, such as the Eurasian Economic Union of Russia, the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity, the Bright Road initiative of Kazakhstan, the Middle Corridor initiative of Turkey, the Development Road initiative of Mongolia, the Two Corridors, One Economic Circle initiative of Viet Nam, the Northern Powerhouse initiative of the UK and the Amber Road initiative of Poland. We are also promoting complementarity between China's development plan and those of Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar, Hungary and other countries. China has signed cooperation agreements with over 40 countries and international organizations and carried out framework cooperation on production capacity with more than 30 countries. During the forum, a number of cooperation agreements on policy connectivity and action plans will be signed. We will also launch Belt and Road cooperation initiative on trade connectivity together with some 60 countries and international organizations. Such policy connectivity will produce a multiplying effect on cooperation among the parties involved.

——这是设施联通不断加强的4年。“道路通,百业兴。”我们和相关国家一道共同加速推进雅万高铁、中老铁路、亚吉铁路、匈塞铁路等项目,建设瓜达尔港、比雷埃夫斯港等港口,规划实施一大批互联互通项目。目前,以中巴、中蒙俄、新亚欧大陆桥等经济走廊为引领,以陆海空通道和信息高速路为骨架,以铁路、港口、管网等重大工程为依托,一个复合型的基础设施网络正在形成。

-- These four years have seen enhanced infrastructure connectivity. Building roads and

railways creates prosperity in all sectors. We have accelerated the building of Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway, China-Laos railway, Addis Ababa-Djibouti railway and Hungary-Serbia railway, and upgraded Gwadar and Piraeus ports in cooperation with relevant countries. A large number of connectivity projects are also in the pipeline. Today, a multi-dimensional infrastructure network is taking shape, one that is underpinned by economic corridors such as China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor and the New Eurasian Continental Bridge, featuring land-sea-air transportation routes and information expressway and supported by major railway, port and pipeline projects.

——这是贸易畅通不断提升的4年。中国同“一带一路”参与国大力推动贸易和投资便利化,不断改善营商环境。我了解到,仅哈萨克斯坦等中亚国家农产品到达中国市场的通关时间就缩短了90%2014年至2016年,中国同“一带一路”沿线国家贸易总额超过3万亿美元。中国对“一带一路”沿线国家投资累计超过500亿美元。中国企业已经在20多个国家建设56个经贸合作区,为有关国家创造近11亿美元税收和18万个就业岗位。

-- These four years have seen increased trade connectivity. China has worked with other countries involved in the Belt and Road Initiative to promote trade and investment facilitation and improve business environment. I was told that for Kazakhstan and other Central Asian countries alone, customs clearance time for agricultural produce exporting to China is cut by 90%. Total trade between China and other Belt and Road countries in 2014-2016 has exceeded US$3 trillion, and China's investment in these countries has surpassed US$50 billion. Chinese companies have set up 56 economic cooperation zones in over 20 countries, generating some US$1.1 billion of tax revenue and 180,000 jobs for them.

——这是资金融通不断扩大的4年。融资瓶颈是实现互联互通的突出挑战。中国同“一带一路”建设参与国和组织开展了多种形式的金融合作。亚洲基础设施投资银行已经为“一带一路”建设参与国的9个项目提供17亿美元贷款,“丝路基金”投资达40亿美元,中国同中东欧“16+1”金融控股公司正式成立。这些新型金融机制同世界银行等传统多边金融机构各有侧重、互为补充,形成层次清晰、初具规模的“一带一路”金融合作网络。

-- These four years have seen expanded financial connectivity. Financing bottleneck is a key challenge to realizing connectivity. China has engaged in multiple forms of financial cooperation with countries and organizations involved in the Belt and Road Initiative. The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank has provided US$1.7 billion of loans for 9 projects in Belt and Road participating countries. The Silk Road Fund has made US$4 billion of investment, and the 16+1 financial holding company between China and Central and Eastern European countries has been inaugurated. With distinctive focus, these new financial mechanisms and traditional multilateral financial institutions such as the World Bank complement each other. A multi-tiered Belt and Road financial cooperation network has taken an initial shape.

  ——这是民心相通不断促进的4年。“国之交在于民相亲,民相亲在于心相通。”“一带一路”建设参与国弘扬丝绸之路精神,开展智力丝绸之路、健康丝绸之路等建设,在科学、教育、文化、卫生、民间交往等各领域广泛开展合作,为“一带一路”建设夯实民意基础,筑牢社会根基。中国政府每年向相关国家提供1万个政府奖学金名额,地方政府也设立了丝绸之路专项奖学金,鼓励国际文教交流。各类丝绸之路文化年、旅游年、艺术节、影视桥、研讨会、智库对话等人文合作项目百花纷呈,人们往来频繁,在交流中拉近了心与心的距离。

丰硕的成果表明,“一带一路”倡议顺应时代潮流,适应发展规律,符合各国人民利益,具有广阔前景。

-- These four years have seen strengthened people-to-people connectivity. Friendship, which derives from close contact between the people, holds the key to sound state-to-state relations. Guided by the Silk Road spirit, we the Belt and Road Initiative participating countries have pulled our efforts to build the educational Silk Road and the health Silk Road, and carried out cooperation in science, education, culture, health and people-to-people exchange. Such cooperation has helped lay a solid popular and social foundation for pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative. Every year, the Chinese government provides 10,000 government scholarships to the relevant countries. China's local governments have also set up special Silk Road scholarships to encourage international cultural and educational exchanges. Projects of people-to-people cooperation such as Silk Road culture year, tourism year, art festival, film and TV project, seminar and think tank dialogue are flourishing. These interactions have brought our people increasingly closer.

These fruitful outcomes show that the Belt and Road Initiative responds to the trend of the times, conforms to the law of development, and meets the people's interests. It surely has broad prospects.

 

Top】 【打印本页】 【关闭窗口