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携手推进“一带一路”建设——习近平在“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛开幕式上的演讲(三)
发布日期:2017-06-07  访问量:

 女士们、先生们、朋友们!

  中国人说,“万事开头难”。“一带一路”建设已经迈出坚实步伐。我们要乘势而上、顺势而为,推动“一带一路”建设行稳致远,迈向更加美好的未来。这里,我谈几点意见。

Ladies and Gentlemen,
Dear Friends,

As we often say in China, "The beginning is the most difficult part." A solid first step has been taken in pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative. We should build on the sound momentum generated to steer the Belt and Road Initiative toward greater success. In pursuing this endeavor, we should be guided by the following principles:

    第一,我们要将“一带一路”建成和平之路。古丝绸之路,和时兴,战时衰。“一带一路”建设离不开和平安宁的环境。我们要构建以合作共赢为核心的新型国际关系,打造对话不对抗、结伴不结盟的伙伴关系。各国应该尊重彼此主权、尊严、领土完整,尊重彼此发展道路和社会制度,尊重彼此核心利益和重大关切。

  古丝绸之路沿线地区曾经是“流淌着牛奶与蜂蜜的地方”,如今很多地方却成了冲突动荡和危机挑战的代名词。这种状况不能再持续下去。我们要树立共同、综合、合作、可持续的安全观,营造共建共享的安全格局。要着力化解热点,坚持政治解决;要着力斡旋调解,坚持公道正义;要着力推进反恐,标本兼治,消除贫困落后和社会不公。

First, we should build the Belt and Road into a road for peace. The ancient silk routes thrived in times of peace, but lost vigor in times of war. The pursuit of the Belt and Road Initiative requires a peaceful and stable environment. We should foster a new type of international relations featuring win-win cooperation; and we should forge partnerships of dialogue with no confrontation and of friendship rather than alliance. All countries should respect each other's sovereignty, dignity and territorial integrity, each other's development paths and social systems, and each other's core interests and major concerns.

Some regions along the ancient Silk Road used to be a land of milk and honey. Yet today, these places are often associated with conflict, turbulence, crisis and challenge. Such state of affairs should not be allowed to continue. We should foster the vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security, and create a security environment built and shared by all. We should work to resolve hotspot issues through political means, and promote mediation in the spirit of justice. We should intensify counter-terrorism efforts, address both its symptoms and root causes, and strive to eradicate poverty, backwardness and social injustice.

   第二,我们要将“一带一路”建成繁荣之路。发展是解决一切问题的总钥匙。推进“一带一路”建设,要聚焦发展这个根本性问题,释放各国发展潜力,实现经济大融合、发展大联动、成果大共享。

  产业是经济之本。我们要深入开展产业合作,推动各国产业发展规划相互兼容、相互促进,抓好大项目建设,加强国际产能和装备制造合作,抓住新工业革命的发展新机遇,培育新业态,保持经济增长活力。

  金融是现代经济的血液。血脉通,增长才有力。我们要建立稳定、可持续、风险可控的金融保障体系,创新投资和融资模式,推广政府和社会资本合作,建设多元化融资体系和多层次资本市场,发展普惠金融,完善金融服务网络。

  设施联通是合作发展的基础。我们要着力推动陆上、海上、天上、网上四位一体的联通,聚焦关键通道、关键城市、关键项目,联结陆上公路、铁路道路网络和海上港口网络。我们已经确立“一带一路”建设六大经济走廊框架,要扎扎实实向前推进。要抓住新一轮能源结构调整和能源技术变革趋势,建设全球能源互联网,实现绿色低碳发展。要完善跨区域物流网建设。我们也要促进政策、规则、标准三位一体的联通,为互联互通提供机制保障。

Second, we should build the Belt and Road into a road of prosperity. Development holds the master key to solving all problems. In pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative, we should focus on the fundamental issue of development, release the growth potential of various countries and achieve economic integration and interconnected development and deliver benefits to all.

Industries are the foundation of economy. We should deepen industrial cooperation so that industrial development plans of different countries will complement and reinforce each other. Focus should be put on launching major projects. We should strengthen international cooperation on production capacity and equipment manufacturing, and seize new development opportunities presented by the new industrial revolution to foster new businesses and maintain dynamic growth.

Finance is the lifeblood of modern economy. Only when the blood circulates smoothly can one grow. We should establish a stable and sustainable financial safeguard system that keeps risks under control, create new models of investment and financing, encourage greater cooperation between government and private capital and build a diversified financing system and a multi-tiered capital market. We should also develop inclusive finance and improve financial services networks.

Infrastructure connectivity is the foundation of development through cooperation. We should promote land, maritime, air and cyberspace connectivity, concentrate our efforts on key passageways, cities and projects and connect networks of highways, railways and sea ports. The goal of building six major economic corridors under the Belt and Road Initiative has been set, and we should endeavor to meet it. We need to seize opportunities presented by the new round of change in energy mix and the revolution in energy technologies to develop global energy interconnection and achieve green and low-carbon development. We should improve trans-regional logistics network and promote connectivity of policies, rules and standards so as to provide institutional safeguards for enhancing connectivity.

   第三,我们要将“一带一路”建成开放之路。开放带来进步,封闭导致落后。对一个国家而言,开放如同破茧成蝶,虽会经历一时阵痛,但将换来新生。“一带一路”建设要以开放为导向,解决经济增长和平衡问题。

  我们要打造开放型合作平台,维护和发展开放型世界经济,共同创造有利于开放发展的环境,推动构建公正、合理、透明的国际经贸投资规则体系,促进生产要素有序流动、资源高效配置、市场深度融合。我们欢迎各国结合自身国情,积极发展开放型经济,参与全球治理和公共产品供给,携手构建广泛的利益共同体。

  贸易是经济增长的重要引擎。我们要有“向外看”的胸怀,维护多边贸易体制,推动自由贸易区建设,促进贸易和投资自由化便利化。当然,我们也要着力解决发展失衡、治理困境、数字鸿沟、分配差距等问题,建设开放、包容、普惠、平衡、共赢的经济全球化。

Third, we should build the Belt and Road into a road of opening up. Opening up brings progress while isolation results in backwardness. For a country, opening up is like the struggle of a chrysalis breaking free from its cacoon. There will be short-term pains, but such pains will create a new life. The Belt and Road Initiative should be an open one that will achieve both economic growth and balanced development.

We should build an open platform of cooperation and uphold and grow an open world economy. We should jointly create an environment that will facilitate opening up and development, establish a fair, equitable and transparent system of international trade and investment rules and boost the orderly flow of production factors, efficient resources allocation and full market integration. We welcome efforts made by other countries to grow open economies based on their national conditions, participate in global governance and provide public goods. Together, we can build a broad community of shared interests.

Trade is an important engine driving growth. We should embrace the outside world with an open mind, uphold the multilateral trading regime, advance the building of free trade areas and promote liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment. Of course, we should also focus on resolving issues such as imbalances in development, difficulties in governance, digital divide and income disparity and make economic globalization open, inclusive, balanced and beneficial to all.

  第四,我们要将“一带一路”建成创新之路。创新是推动发展的重要力量。“一带一路”建设本身就是一个创举,搞好“一带一路”建设也要向创新要动力。

  我们要坚持创新驱动发展,加强在数字经济、人工智能、纳米技术、量子计算机等前沿领域合作,推动大数据、云计算、智慧城市建设,连接成21世纪的数字丝绸之路。我们要促进科技同产业、科技同金融深度融合,优化创新环境,集聚创新资源。我们要为互联网时代的各国青年打造创业空间、创业工场,成就未来一代的青春梦想。

  我们要践行绿色发展的新理念,倡导绿色、低碳、循环、可持续的生产生活方式,加强生态环保合作,建设生态文明,共同实现2030年可持续发展目标。

Fourth, we should build the Belt and Road into a road of innovation. Innovation is an important force powering development. The Belt and Road Initiative is new by nature and we need to encourage innovation in pursuing this initiative.

We should pursue innovation-driven development and intensify cooperation in frontier areas such as digital economy, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology and quantum computing, and advance the development of big data, cloud computing and smart cities so as to turn them into a digital silk road of the 21st century. We should spur the full integration of science and technology into industries and finance, improve the environment for innovation and pool resources for innovation. We should create space and build workshops for young people of various countries to cultivate entrepreneurship in this age of the internet and help realize their dreams.

We should pursue the new vision of green development and a way of life and work that is green, low-carbon, circular and sustainable. Efforts should be made to strengthen cooperation in ecological and environmental protection and build a sound ecosystem so as to realize the goals set by the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

  第五,我们要将“一带一路”建成文明之路。“一带一路”建设要以文明交流超越文明隔阂、文明互鉴超越文明冲突、文明共存超越文明优越,推动各国相互理解、相互尊重、相互信任。

我们要建立多层次人文合作机制,搭建更多合作平台,开辟更多合作渠道。要推动教育合作,扩大互派留学生规模,提升合作办学水平。要发挥智库作用,建设好智库联盟和合作网络。在文化、体育、卫生领域,要创新合作模式,推动务实项目。要用好历史文化遗产,联合打造具有丝绸之路特色的旅游产品和遗产保护。我们要加强各国议会、政党、民间组织往来,密切妇女、青年、残疾人等群体交流,促进包容发展。我们也要加强国际反腐合作,让“一带一路”成为廉洁之路。

Fifth, we should build the Belt and Road into a road connecting different civilizations. In pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative, we should ensure that when it comes to different civilizations, exchange will replace estrangement, mutual learning will replace clashes, and coexistence will replace a sense of superiority. This will boost mutual understanding, mutual respect and mutual trust among different countries.

We should establish a multi-tiered mechanism for cultural and people-to-people exchanges, build more cooperation platforms and open more cooperation channels. Educational cooperation should be boosted, more exchange students should be encouraged and the performance of cooperatively run schools should be enhanced. Think tanks should play a better role and efforts should be made to establish think tank networks and partnerships. In the cultural, sports and health sectors, new cooperation models should be created to facilitate projects with concrete benefits. Historical and cultural heritage should be fully tapped to jointly develop tourist products and protect heritage in ways that preserve the distinctive features of the Silk Road. We should strengthen exchanges between parliaments, political parties and non-governmental organizations of different countries as well as between women, youths and people with disabilities with a view to achieving inclusive development. We should also strengthen international counter-corruption cooperation so that the Belt and Road will be a road with high ethical standards.

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