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携手推进“一带一路”建设——习近平在“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛开幕式上的演讲(一)
发布日期:  2017-06-06  访问量:     

携手推进“一带一路”建设——习近平在“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛开幕式上的演讲

中华人民共和国主席 习近平

2017514

work together to build the silk road economic belt and the 21st century maritime silk road

speech by h.e. xi jinping

president of the people's republic of china

at the opening ceremony of

the belt and road forum for international cooperation

14 may 2017

 

尊敬的各位国家元首,政府首脑,
各位国际组织负责人,
女士们,先生们,朋友们:

  “孟夏之日,万物并秀。”在这美好时节,来自100多个国家的各界嘉宾齐聚北京,共商“一带一路”建设合作大计,具有十分重要的意义。今天,群贤毕至,少长咸集,我期待着大家集思广益、畅所欲言,为推动“一带一路”建设献计献策,让这一世纪工程造福各国人民。

  女士们、先生们、朋友们!

  2000多年前,我们的先辈筚路蓝缕,穿越草原沙漠,开辟出联通亚欧非的陆上丝绸之路;我们的先辈扬帆远航,穿越惊涛骇浪,闯荡出连接东西方的海上丝绸之路。古丝绸之路打开了各国友好交往的新窗口,书写了人类发展进步的新篇章。中国陕西历史博物馆珍藏的千年“鎏金铜蚕”,在印度尼西亚发现的千年沉船“黑石号”等,见证了这段历史。

古丝绸之路绵亘万里,延续千年,积淀了以和平合作、开放包容、互学互鉴、互利共赢为核心的丝路精神。这是人类文明的宝贵遗产。

distinguished heads of state and government,
heads of international organizations,
ladies and gentlemen,
dear friends,

in this lovely season of early summer when every living thing is full of energy, i wish to welcome all of you, distinguished guests representing over 100 countries, to attend this important forum on the belt and road initiative held in beijing. this is indeed a gathering of great minds. in the coming two days, i hope that by engaging in full exchanges of views, we will contribute to pursuing the belt and road initiative, a project of the century, so that it will benefit people across the world.

ladies and gentlemen,
dear friends,

over 2,000 years ago, our ancestors, trekking across vast steppes and deserts, opened the transcontinental passage connecting asia, europe and africa, known today as the silk road. our ancestors, navigating rough seas, created sea routes linking the east with the west, namely, the maritime silk road. these ancient silk routes opened windows of friendly engagement among nations, adding a splendid chapter to the history of human progress. the thousand-year-old "gilt bronze silkworm" displayed at china's shaanxi history museum and the belitung shipwreck discovered in indonesia bear witness to this exciting period of history.

spanning thousands of miles and years, the ancient silk routes embody the spirit of peace and cooperation, openness and inclusiveness, mutual learning and mutual benefit. the silk road spirit has become a great heritage of human civilization.

——和平合作。公元前140多年的中国汉代,一支从长安出发的和平使团,开始打通东方通往西方的道路,完成了“凿空之旅”,这就是著名的张骞出使西域。中国唐宋元时期,陆上和海上丝绸之路同步发展,中国、意大利、摩洛哥的旅行家杜环、马可·波罗、伊本·白图泰都在陆上和海上丝绸之路留下了历史印记。15世纪初的明代,中国著名航海家郑和七次远洋航海,留下千古佳话。这些开拓事业之所以名垂青史,是因为使用的不是战马和长矛,而是驼队和善意;依靠的不是坚船和利炮,而是宝船和友谊。一代又一代“丝路人”架起了东西方合作的纽带、和平的桥梁。

-- peace and cooperation. in china's han dynasty around 140 b.c., zhang qian, a royal emissary, left chang'an, capital of the han dynasty. he traveled westward on a mission of peace and opened an overland route linking the east and the west, a daring undertaking which came to be known as zhang qian's journey to the western regions. centuries later, in the years of tang, song and yuan dynasties, such silk routes, both over land and at sea, boomed. great adventurers, including du huan of china, marco polo of italy and ibn batutah of morocco, left their footprints along these ancient routes. in the early 15th century, zheng he, the famous chinese navigator in the ming dynasty, made seven voyages to the western seas, a feat which still is remembered today. these pioneers won their place in history not as conquerors with warships, guns or swords. rather, they are remembered as friendly emissaries leading camel caravans and sailing treasure-loaded ships. generation after generation, the silk routes travelers have built a bridge for peace and east-west cooperation.

——开放包容。古丝绸之路跨越尼罗河流域、底格里斯河和幼发拉底河流域、印度河和恒河流域、黄河和长江流域,跨越埃及文明、巴比伦文明、印度文明、中华文明的发祥地,跨越佛教、基督教、伊斯兰教信众的汇集地,跨越不同国度和肤色人民的聚居地。不同文明、宗教、种族求同存异、开放包容,并肩书写相互尊重的壮丽诗篇,携手绘就共同发展的美好画卷。酒泉、敦煌、吐鲁番、喀什、撒马尔罕、巴格达、君士坦丁堡等古城,宁波、泉州、广州、北海、科伦坡、吉达、亚历山大等地的古港,就是记载这段历史的“活化石”。历史告诉我们:文明在开放中发展,民族在融合中共存。

-- openness and inclusiveness. the ancient silk routes spanned the valleys of the nile, the tigris and euphrates, the indus and ganges and the yellow and yangtze rivers. they connected the birthplaces of the egyptian, babylonian, indian and chinese civilizations as well as the lands of buddhism, christianity and islam and homes of people of different nationalities and races. these routes enabled people of various civilizations, religions and races to interact with and embrace each other with open mind. in the course of exchange, they fostered a spirit of mutual respect and were engaged in a common endeavor to pursue prosperity. today, ancient cities of jiuquan, dunhuang, tulufan, kashi, samarkand, baghdad and constantinople as well as ancient ports of ningbo, quanzhou, guangzhou, beihai, colombo, jeddah and alexandria stand as living monuments to these past interactions. this part of history shows that civilization thrives with openness and nations prosper through exchange.

——互学互鉴。古丝绸之路不仅是一条通商易货之道,更是一条知识交流之路。沿着古丝绸之路,中国将丝绸、瓷器、漆器、铁器传到西方,也为中国带来了胡椒、亚麻、香料、葡萄、石榴。沿着古丝绸之路,佛教、伊斯兰教及阿拉伯的天文、历法、医药传入中国,中国的四大发明、养蚕技术也由此传向世界。更为重要的是,商品和知识交流带来了观念创新。比如,佛教源自印度,在中国发扬光大,在东南亚得到传承。儒家文化起源中国,受到欧洲莱布尼茨、伏尔泰等思想家的推崇。这是交流的魅力、互鉴的成果。

-- mutual learning. the ancient silk routes were not for trade only, they boosted flow of knowledge as well. through these routes, chinese silk, porcelain, lacquerwork and ironware were shipped to the west, while pepper, flax, spices, grape and pomegranate entered china. through these routes, buddhism, islam and arab astronomy, calendar and medicine found their way to china, while china's four great inventions and silkworm breeding spread to other parts of the world. more importantly, the exchange of goods and know-how spurred new ideas. for example, buddhism originated in india, blossomed in china and was enriched in southeast asia. confucianism, which was born in china, gained appreciation by european thinkers such as leibniz and voltaire. herein lies the appeal of mutual learning.

  ——互利共赢。古丝绸之路见证了陆上“使者相望于道,商旅不绝于途”的盛况,也见证了海上“舶交海中,不知其数”的繁华。在这条大动脉上,资金、技术、人员等生产要素自由流动,商品、资源、成果等实现共享。阿拉木图、撒马尔罕、长安等重镇和苏尔港、广州等良港兴旺发达,罗马、安息、贵霜等古国欣欣向荣,中国汉唐迎来盛世。古丝绸之路创造了地区大发展大繁荣。

  历史是最好的老师。这段历史表明,无论相隔多远,只要我们勇敢迈出第一步,坚持相向而行,就能走出一条相遇相知、共同发展之路,走向幸福安宁和谐美好的远方。 

-- mutual benefit. the ancient silk routes witnessed the bustling scenes of visits and trade over land and ships calling at ports. along these major arteries of interaction, capital, technology and people flowed freely, and goods, resources and benefits were widely shared. the ancient prosperous cities of alma-ata, samarkand and chang'an and ports of sur and guangzhou thrived, so did the roman empire as well as parthia and kushan kingdoms. the han and tang dynasties of china entered the golden age. the ancient silk routes brought prosperity to these regions and boosted their development.

history is our best teacher. the glory of the ancient silk routes shows that geographical distance is not insurmountable. if we take the first courageous step towards each other, we can embark on a path leading to friendship, shared development, peace, harmony and a better future.