ladies and gentlemen,
as we often say in china, "the beginning is the most difficult part." a solid first step has been taken in pursuing the belt and road initiative. we should build on the sound momentum generated to steer the belt and road initiative toward greater success. in pursuing this endeavor, we should be guided by the following principles:
first, we should build the belt and road into a road for peace. the ancient silk routes thrived in times of peace, but lost vigor in times of war. the pursuit of the belt and road initiative requires a peaceful and stable environment. we should foster a new type of international relations featuring win-win cooperation; and we should forge partnerships of dialogue with no confrontation and of friendship rather than alliance. all countries should respect each other's sovereignty, dignity and territorial integrity, each other's development paths and social systems, and each other's core interests and major concerns.
some regions along the ancient silk road used to be a land of milk and honey. yet today, these places are often associated with conflict, turbulence, crisis and challenge. such state of affairs should not be allowed to continue. we should foster the vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security, and create a security environment built and shared by all. we should work to resolve hotspot issues through political means, and promote mediation in the spirit of justice. we should intensify counter-terrorism efforts, address both its symptoms and root causes, and strive to eradicate poverty, backwardness and social injustice.
second, we should build the belt and road into a road of prosperity. development holds the master key to solving all problems. in pursuing the belt and road initiative, we should focus on the fundamental issue of development, release the growth potential of various countries and achieve economic integration and interconnected development and deliver benefits to all.
industries are the foundation of economy. we should deepen industrial cooperation so that industrial development plans of different countries will complement and reinforce each other. focus should be put on launching major projects. we should strengthen international cooperation on production capacity and equipment manufacturing, and seize new development opportunities presented by the new industrial revolution to foster new businesses and maintain dynamic growth.
finance is the lifeblood of modern economy. only when the blood circulates smoothly can one grow. we should establish a stable and sustainable financial safeguard system that keeps risks under control, create new models of investment and financing, encourage greater cooperation between government and private capital and build a diversified financing system and a multi-tiered capital market. we should also develop inclusive finance and improve financial services networks.
infrastructure connectivity is the foundation of development through cooperation. we should promote land, maritime, air and cyberspace connectivity, concentrate our efforts on key passageways, cities and projects and connect networks of highways, railways and sea ports. the goal of building six major economic corridors under the belt and road initiative has been set, and we should endeavor to meet it. we need to seize opportunities presented by the new round of change in energy mix and the revolution in energy technologies to develop global energy interconnection and achieve green and low-carbon development. we should improve trans-regional logistics network and promote connectivity of policies, rules and standards so as to provide institutional safeguards for enhancing connectivity.
third, we should build the belt and road into a road of opening up. opening up brings progress while isolation results in backwardness. for a country, opening up is like the struggle of a chrysalis breaking free from its cacoon. there will be short-term pains, but such pains will create a new life. the belt and road initiative should be an open one that will achieve both economic growth and balanced development.
we should build an open platform of cooperation and uphold and grow an open world economy. we should jointly create an environment that will facilitate opening up and development, establish a fair, equitable and transparent system of international trade and investment rules and boost the orderly flow of production factors, efficient resources allocation and full market integration. we welcome efforts made by other countries to grow open economies based on their national conditions, participate in global governance and provide public goods. together, we can build a broad community of shared interests.
trade is an important engine driving growth. we should embrace the outside world with an open mind, uphold the multilateral trading regime, advance the building of free trade areas and promote liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment. of course, we should also focus on resolving issues such as imbalances in development, difficulties in governance, digital divide and income disparity and make economic globalization open, inclusive, balanced and beneficial to all.
fourth, we should build the belt and road into a road of innovation. innovation is an important force powering development. the belt and road initiative is new by nature and we need to encourage innovation in pursuing this initiative.
we should pursue innovation-driven development and intensify cooperation in frontier areas such as digital economy, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology and quantum computing, and advance the development of big data, cloud computing and smart cities so as to turn them into a digital silk road of the 21st century. we should spur the full integration of science and technology into industries and finance, improve the environment for innovation and pool resources for innovation. we should create space and build workshops for young people of various countries to cultivate entrepreneurship in this age of the internet and help realize their dreams.
we should pursue the new vision of green development and a way of life and work that is green, low-carbon, circular and sustainable. efforts should be made to strengthen cooperation in ecological and environmental protection and build a sound ecosystem so as to realize the goals set by the 2030 agenda for sustainable development.
fifth, we should build the belt and road into a road connecting different civilizations. in pursuing the belt and road initiative, we should ensure that when it comes to different civilizations, exchange will replace estrangement, mutual learning will replace clashes, and coexistence will replace a sense of superiority. this will boost mutual understanding, mutual respect and mutual trust among different countries.
we should establish a multi-tiered mechanism for cultural and people-to-people exchanges, build more cooperation platforms and open more cooperation channels. educational cooperation should be boosted, more exchange students should be encouraged and the performance of cooperatively run schools should be enhanced. think tanks should play a better role and efforts should be made to establish think tank networks and partnerships. in the cultural, sports and health sectors, new cooperation models should be created to facilitate projects with concrete benefits. historical and cultural heritage should be fully tapped to jointly develop tourist products and protect heritage in ways that preserve the distinctive features of the silk road. we should strengthen exchanges between parliaments, political parties and non-governmental organizations of different countries as well as between women, youths and people with disabilities with a view to achieving inclusive development. we should also strengthen international counter-corruption cooperation so that the belt and road will be a road with high ethical standards.